World War II:
Launched on August 27, 1940, the USS IOWA battleship would head for Newfoundland and the North Atlantic just three years later for her first war patrol during World War II.
Launched at New York Naval Yard. Sponsored by Mrs. Henry A. Wallace, wife of the Vice President. Her sleek lines and raked bow foretells her high speed.
Start of Shakedown Cruise
To Sea for shakedown in Chesapeake Bay and along Atlantic Coast.
FDR Heads Back to the USA
Completion of mission with return of FDR to United States.
The bathtub on the battleship Iowa is the only bathtub on a United States Navy warship. It was installed as a convenience for President Franklin D. Roosevelt when he crossed the Atlantic Ocean to meet with British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet Secretary General Joseph Stalin at Casablanca, Morocco on the first leg of the journey to the Teheran Conference in November 1943. After the conference she returned the President to the United States.
First Pacific Campaign
First Pacific campaign in support of carrier air strikes against Kwajalein and Eniwetok Atolls.
First Firing of Weapons in Combat
First firing of weapons in combat in attack on Japanese naval base at Truk in Caroline Islands. In action off Truk, the USS IOWA sank light cruiser Katori.
First Shore Bombardment Against Mili Atoll
First shore bombardment against Mili Atoll in Marshall Islands. The USS IOWA received her first hit when she was struck by two Japanese projectiles (5 inch and 6 inch). The 6 inch projectile hit Turret 2 and the 5 inch projectile hit the hull plating, neither of which caused significant damage.
Task Group 58 Support
In support of Task group 58, air strikes against Palau and Woleai islands, followed by further strikes against Hollandia, Aitape and Wake Islands.
Supporting Army landing at Aitape, Tanahmerah and Humbolt Bays.
Bombardment of airfield, bombs wharf and other enemy facilities at Ponape.
Shelling of Saipan and Tinian
Shelled Saipan and Tinian and blew up an ammunition dump.
Captain Allan R. McCann is Commanding Officer from Aug – Nov
In 1941-44, Captain McCann led two submarine squadrons, served in important positions at the Navy Department and was commanding officer of the battleship Iowa (BB-61) from August – November 1944. After promotion to the rank of Rear Admiral, he was Chief of Staff to Commander, Tenth Fleet, served with the Atlantic Fleet and Commanded Task Force 68, which escorted President Harry S. Truman to and from the Potsdam Conference.
Part of Admiral Halsey’s 3rd Fleet
A unit of Fleet Admiral William F. “Bull” Halsey’s third Fleet in support of carrier strikes against Philippine and Caroline Islands.
Participating in air strikes against Ryukyu Islands, Taiwan and Luzon.
Battle of Leyte Gulf
Headed for Battle of Leyte Gulf.
In Drydock in Ulithi
At Ulithi for replenishment and maintenance in drydock ABSD-2. Lost plane – washed over the side during typhoon.
As one crew member recounts, “It was a very scary night, the Iowa rolled to about a 45 degree angle at one point and we all held our breaths that it wouldn’t happen again. As our luck went, it happened at meal time so you can imagine the condition of the deck in the mess hall.”
There were 24 ships damaged, plus the destroyers Monoghan, Hull, and Spence which were sunk with a loss of 765 sailors. Damage to shaft caused by storm required USS IOWA to return to the United States for overhaul at Hunters Point Shipyard, San Francisco in the following month.
Arrives off Okinawa to relieve USS NEW JERSEY.
Supported air strikes against Kyushu.
Attack on Hokkaido
USS IOWA, USS MISSOURI and USS WISCONSIN attacked Muroran on Hokkaido inflicting significant damage on Nihon Steel Company and Wanishi Ironworks.
Bombardment of Hitachi Miro
The three battleships bombard industrial city of Hitachi Miro. During this action, USS IOWA served as flagship for Rear Admiral Oscar Badger.
Bombarded island of Kahoolawe
July 29 – 30, 1945
Underway for the United States
Drydock in Los Angeles CA
In Morrell Drydock at Terminal Island Shipyard, Los Angeles, California.
Arrival in Tokyo Bay
Arrived in Tokyo Bay to serve as flagship of Fifth Fleet until March.
Returned to America
Returned to Long Beach to operate along West Coast conducting drills, maneuvers and Naval Reserve and midshipmen training cruises.